Those who have obtained their professional qualifications abroad can obtain the equivalence of their qualification with a German occupation or To be audited. For some professions, recognition is even mandatory in order to be able to work in Germany. It depends on the job.
In regulated professions, you need to recognise your professional qualifications for the pursuit of the profession or the professional title. Without recognition, you are not allowed to work in these professions with your professional qualification in Germany that you have acquired abroad. Occupations regulated in Germany include, for example, a doctor, a nurse, a lawyer, a teacher, an educator and an engineer. For a list of professions that are regulated in Germany, see "File Download (s)". You can also search the European Commission's database for regulated professions in the Member States.
In non-regulated professions, recognition is not required for professional practice. In these professions you can apply and work directly on the labour market. However, an assessment of their degree may be helpful in making employers and companies understand their foreign qualifications. In addition, they have access to vocational training with a degree recognised as equivalent. In Germany, all so-called training occupations are not regulated, i.e. the professions that are trained in the dual system. For a list of all training occupations in Germany, please refer to "File download (s)".
As a legal framework for professional recognition, the Professional Qualification Law (BQFG) is used in addition to professional regulations. It applies to professions in the federal area of competence. For nationally regulated professions, the BQFG NRW is valid in NRW.
- Directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the recognition of professional qualifications
- Law on the determination of equivalence of professional qualifications (vocational qualification law-BQFG)
- Law for the determination of equivalence of foreign professional qualifications in North Rhine-Westphalia (vocational qualification Law NRW – BQFG NRW)
- Specialist laws